Last week's post sparked more comments and criticism than I thought it would. I found a website run by members of my Church who are also Black. They are much more qualified to address the issue, and the site contains much more in depth information than I am able to give.
I'm sure my discussion with you has sparked more questions than I gave answers. So I entrust you to the following sites:
P.S. I found the History tab to be especially enlightening.